MTI2014级刘国聪翻译作品(一)
发布时间: 2015-01-12   浏览次数: 79

原文

The Commune is a site - ontology of the Commune

 

Take any situation whatsoever. A multiple that is an object of this situation - whose elements are indexed by the transcendental of this situation - is a site if it happens to count itself within the referential field of its own indexation. Or again: a site is a multiple that happens to behave in the situation with regard to itself as with regard to its elements, in such a way as to support the being of its own appearing.

    Even if the idea is still obscure, we can begin to see its content: a site is a singularity because it evokes its being in the appearing of its own multiple composition. It makes itself, in the world, the being-there of its being. Among other consequences, this means that the site gives itself an intensity of existence. A site is a being that happens to exist by itself.

    The whole point will be to argue that 18 March 1871 is a site.

So, at the risk of repeating myself, I shall go over once more, with a view to a singular construction, all the terms of the situation 'Paris at the end of the Franco-Prussian War of 1870'. We are in the month of March 1871. After a semblance of resistance, and shot through with fear of revolutionary and worker Paris, the interim government of bourgeois 'Republicans' capitulates to Bismarck's Prussians. In order to consolidate this political 'victory' - very comparable to Petain's reactionary revenge in 1 940 (where preferring an arrangement with the external enemy to exposure to the internal enemy) it has an assembly with a royalist majority hastily elected by a frightened rural world, an assembly that sits in Bordeaux.

Led by Thiers, the government hopes to take advantage of the circumstances to annihilate the political capacity of the workers. But on the Parisian front, the proletariat is armed in the form of a National Guard, owing to its having been mobilized during the siege on Paris. In theory, the Parisian proletariat has many hundreds of cannons at its disposal. The 'military' organ of the Parisians is the Central Committee, at which assemble the delegates of the various battalions of the National Guard, battalions that are in turn linked to the great working-class quartiers of Paris -Montmartre, Belleville and so forth.

 

 

译文

巴黎公社是一个位点——公社本体论

 

任何情势下,多是一个情势的对象——其元素都是由这个情势的超验性所索引的——如果它刚好在自身索引的相关领域内进行计数,那么这个多就是一个位点。再说一遍:一个位点就是一个多,它刚好在涉及自身或自身元素的情势下进行行为,从而来支撑其自身显现的存在。

如果这个观念仍捉摸不透,大家可以先看一下其内容:一个位点是独特的,因为它唤醒了其在自身多的组合下的显现的存在。在这个世界上,它让自身的存在,在那里显现。从其他结果来看,这意味着位点让自身获得了存在的强度。因此,一个位点就是一个碰巧展现自身的存在。

以上表明,1871318日就是一个位点。

所以,尽管有些老生常谈,我还是要重述一下独特性的创造过程,即“1870年普法战争末期巴黎”情势中的所有的项。18713月,资产阶级“共和派”临时政府在进行一系列反抗之后,带着对革命者和巴黎工人的恐惧,向俾斯麦的普鲁士人投降。为了巩固这场政治上的“胜利”——跟1940年贝当的反革命报复类似(宁愿与外部敌人达成协议,也不愿放过内部敌人)——他们和保皇党多数派联合,由受惊吓的乡村世界匆忙选举出一个联盟,即位于波尔多的联盟。

梯也尔领导下的政府希翼利用当前形势上的优势粉碎工人的政治力量。然而在巴黎前线,无产阶级因为在巴黎围城期间被动员,因此以国民自卫军的形式武装起来。理论上,巴黎无产阶级有数百们大炮任其支配。巴黎人民的“军事”机关是中央委员会。这个委员会聚集了各种各样的国民自卫军的军营代表。这些军营大多坐落在巴黎的工人阶级居民区——如蒙特马利高地,美丽城(Belleville)等等。

 

XML 地图 | Sitemap 地图